The 2013 International Federation of Diabetes (IDF) Atlas for Diabetes ranked the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) with the highest worldwide prevalence of diabetes at 10.9%. Iran is one of the 19 countries and territories of the IDF MENA region. 425 million people have diabetes in the world and more than 39 million people in the MENA Region; by 2045 this will rise to 67 million. There were 4.985.500 cases of diabetes in Iran in 2017 .
The Iranian Diabetes Society (IDS) has formally been founded in 1968 in Tehran. Now IDS has more than 20 branches in different cities of Iran. More than 100,000 diabetics registered as members of IDS in different branches. The aim of IDS is to raise awareness of Iranian society through education for public, diabetics, health care providers and policy makers.